Pakistan Journal of Clinical Psychology <p>The Pakistan Journal of Clinical Psychology Print ISSN 1019-438X Online ISSN 2788-4872 publishes contributions of professionals to the field of clinical psychology with the emphasis on originality, innovation and increase in scientific knowledge. Aim of the Journal is to focus on the psychological problems, assessment, treatment, etiology, intervention and on other relevant comparisons and factors involved in psychopathology. Innovative or interdisciplinary approaches developing the association between clinical psychology and other disciplines are particularly considered.</p> en-US (Prof. Dr Uzma Ali) (Support Staff) Fri, 31 Jul 2020 00:00:00 +0000 OJS 60 THE MEDIATING ROLE OF FEAR OF NEGATIVE EVALUATION BETWEEN NEGATIVE AFFECT AND LIFE SATISFACTION AMONG UNIVERSITY STUDENTS <p>Objective: This study investigated the mediating role of fear of negative evaluation in the relationship of negative affect with life satisfaction in undergraduate university students of Lahore, Pakistan. Design: Correlational study design (predictive). Place and duration of the study: The study was carried out at COMSATS University Islamabad, Lahore Campus, from March to December 2018. Subjects and Method: Two hundred and nineteen undergraduates, distributed across genders (126 males &amp; 93 females, Mage = 21.6yrs, SD = 1.60), responded to the Brief Fear of Negative Evaluation Scale and ICP Subjective Wellbeing Scale. Results and Conclusion: Meditational Analysis through PROCESS Procedure for SPSS Version 21 indicates that that negative affect is a significant predictor of fear of negative evaluation, fear of negative evaluation is a significant predictor of life satisfaction, and fear of negative evaluation acts as a mediator between negative affect and life satisfaction. These findings highlight the importance of examining the Fear of negative evaluation in students while explaining the role of negative affect on their subjective well-being. The study findings are a unique addition to the existing literature and will help to design appropriate interventions for students' counseling.</p> Muneeba Shakil, Zahra Fatima, Farzana Ashraf Copyright (c) 2021 Fri, 31 Jul 2020 00:00:00 +0000 DEVELOPMENT AND VALIDATION OF TERRORISM ANXIETY SCALE <p>Objective: To develop and validate an indigenously compatible tool in the Urdu language for the assessment of anxiety specifically related to terrorism named the Terrorism Anxiety Scale (TAS). Design: Cross-sectionalstudy. Place and Duration of the Study: Sahiwal, Pakistan; December 2014 to September 2016. Subjects and Method: Psychologists, experts, parents, and students were approached to conduct focus group discussions and interviews with psychologists and security personnel were also done, thus yielding an initial pool of items. A pilot study with 20 participants was conducted. A total of 260 adolescents (Mage=16.9yrs;SD=1.77) were approached for scale administration to assess psychometric properties of internal consistency reliability, 60 participants for convergent validity, and 50 participants for measuring divergent validity were involved. Results and Conclusion: Two-factor solution was retained after varimax rotation method and internal consistency was observed significantly high. Convergent validity was significantly positive and divergent validity was moderately negative TAS happened to be a psychometrically precise tool for measuring Terrorism anxiety in correspondence with Pakistani culture.</p> Neelam Zafar, Wizra Saeed, Nadia Afzal, Noshi Irum Zaman, Aliya Sheeraz Copyright (c) 2021 Fri, 31 Jul 2020 00:00:00 +0000 RESILIENCE AS PREDICTOR OF MARITAL ADJUSTMENT AMONG COUPLES <p>Objective: The purpose of the study is to evaluate the effect of resilience on marital adjustment among couples. Design : Correlational Research Design. Place and Duration of the Study: Karachi, January 2017-July 2018. Subjects and Method: The sample comprised of 75 married couples (75 males and 75 females) with 5 to 15 years of duration of marriage. Their age ranges were between 25 to 50 years (mean age of women= 32.6, SD=5.4; mean age of men=37.2, SD=6.07). Brief Resilience Scale and Dyadic Adjustment Scale were administered. Results and Conclusion: Regression analysis indicate that resilience predicts marital adjustment in males and in females. Additionally, independent t-test revealed no significant difference among gender on the variable of marital adjustment. Results indicate that resilience has significant role in the adjustment in a marital relationship. Furthermore, it indicates that males and females are at same level in terms of marital adjustment</p> Shafaq Ahmad, Memoona Jahangir Copyright (c) 2021 Fri, 31 Jul 2020 00:00:00 +0000 A COMPARISON BETWEEN COPING STRATEGIES OF BULLIED AND NON-BULLIED ADOLESCENTS <p>Objective: The research aimed to explore the coping strategies used by bullied and non-bullied adolescents. Design: Comparative research design. Place and Duration of the study: Participants were selected from seven private schools of Karachi city (Karachi, Federal and Cambridge systems). Study was conducted during January- June 2016. Subject and Method: Purposive sampling was used to select 110 participants, age ranges between 11-16 (M=14.54; SD=1.22) They were divided into groups of bullied and non-bullied using the mean scores of Multidimensional PeerVictimization Scale. Moreover, Brief COPE was used. Results and Conclusion: Significant difference was found in use of coping strategies, between bullied and non-bullied adolescents. Bullied adolescents were found to use both adaptive and maladaptive coping when dealing with victimization. Specific coping strategies used by them were self-distraction, denial, emotional support, behavioral disengagement, venting, humor, and acceptance and self-blame. Bullied individuals used both styles of coping more likely than non-bullied individuals.</p> Hina Saleem Khan, Zainab Hussain Bhutto Copyright (c) 2021 Fri, 31 Jul 2020 00:00:00 +0000 THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN EMPATHY, COPING STRATEGIES, AND COMPASSION FATIGUE IN DOCTORS <p>Objective: The present study explored the relationship between empathy, coping strategies and compassion fatigue among doctors. Design: Correlational Survey Design Place and Duration of the Study: Pakistan, July 2019 to January 2020. Subjects and Method: The research was conducted on a sample of 153 doctors (Male=52, Female=101), aged 22-70 (M=34.08, SD=9.914). Purposiveconvenience sampling was used in this research. Coping Response Inventory (Moos, 1993), Toronto Empathy Questionnaire and Professional Quality of Life were used to assess the variables. Results and Conclusion: Findings of the current research highlighted a significant weak positive correlation between Approach Coping and Empathy. Moreover, the results of the current study highlighted a non-significant weak inverse correlation between Approach Coping strategies and Compassion Fatigue. Furthermore, Avoidance Coping was found to have a significant weak positive correlation with Empathy and Compassion Fatigue. Lastly, a nonsignificant weak positive correlation was observed to exist between Empathy and Compassion Fatigue. Linear regression shows that empathy predicts copying approach and avoidance copying styles, whereas avoidance copying predicts compassion fatigue.</p> Aliza Behrani, Javeria Nasir, Ramin Khan, Laraib Maqsood, Sehr Sulaiman Copyright (c) 2021 Fri, 31 Jul 2020 00:00:00 +0000